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Hards Family

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Fast Facts
Type of person Family


Place of birth England
Date of arrival 1856
Principal occupation Flour Millers


Brothers Henry & John Hards (‘agricultural labourers’, aged 22 & 21) arrived in Port Adelaide in 1856 aboard the ship ‘Gomelza’ from Southhampton. Henry was accompanied by his wife Jane (nee Willson, age 21) and John married Elizabeth Nickels shortly after arriving. The couples moved to the Gawler area to live, however within the year both young wives had died, Jane suddenly and 20 year old Elizabeth a month later of ‘decline’; both were interred in the original Town of Gawler Cemetery, now known as Pioneer Park (their names are not on the memorial plaque but are in the burial register).

John remarried in 1858 and with his wife, Mary Jane (nee Turner), had a family of nine children (see details below). Four of their children did not survive to adulthood, including baby George who died of dysentery at five weeks and Alfred (16 months) and John Thomas (11) who both succumbed to bronchitis within weeks of each other in 1874 (they are buried in St George’s Anglican Cemetery, U22 & U23). Obituaries of three of the couples surviving children, written in the 1930s, suggest that John was one of the first flour millers in Gawler (Bunyip 3 Jan 1936, Chronicle 19 Mar 1936 & Pt Pirie Recorder 5 Feb 1937). By 1878, the family had moved further north to the Clare region and it was there that John died aged 43.

John’s brother Henry Hards also remarried; he and wife Nicklos (nee Allan/Sim, daughter of Charles Sim) remained in the Gawler area throughout their lives. The couple had eleven children, losing one in infancy, two in childhood and their beloved eldest son, William Henry, of rheumatic heart disease when he was 21 years of age (they are buried in St George’s Anglican Cemetery, U26 & U27). Like his brother, Henry worked in the flour milling industry, working in both the old and new Victoria Mills and later in the Union Mill. In 1867, he was one of the last two employees to leave W. Duffield & Co.’s first Victoria Mill the night before it burnt down and he gave evidence at the inquest (Adelaide Observer 29 Jun 1867).

Henry died in May 1898, aged 64, after a short illness. He was described as a ‘steady and reliable workman’, employed for 38 years by Duffield, Duffield & Co. and the Milling Company (Obituary – The Bunyip 20 May 1898). Nicklos died five years later, aged 63 or 64. Her death was described in the Bunyip (10 Apr 1903); she was walking down the street near her residence when she screamed and fell down, neighbours came to her assistance but life was pronounced extinct by the time Dr Fooks arrived, heart failure believed to be the cause. Henry and Nicklos are buried alongside their children in St George’s Anglican Cemetery (U25 & U24 – plots not marked).

Council records indicate that from prior to 1900 until her death in 1903 Nicklos Hards owned and occupied Lot 98 River Street, Gawler West (now known as 3 Sixteenth Street, Gawler South). She also owned vacant Lots 38 & 39 Express Street (now 9 & 11 Fourteenth Street, Gawler South) from 1880 until her death. The allotments remained vacant throughout the 23 years Nicklos owned them and sometimes the council rates fell into arrears – it would have been an uncommon occurrence at that time for a married woman to own land and the title specifies the land was “for her separate use”.

Records also indicate that from 1883 to 1885 there was a ‘Henry Hards’, listed as a Storekeeper at Gawler West (SA Directories 1883, 1884 & 1885). This is likely to have been Henry & Nicklos’ son, then aged 21 (father Henry was working as a miller).


HARDS, Henry & Family

HARDS, Henry

  • b. c1834, Sussex, England
  • m. WILLSON, Jane (England)
  • m. 1859 ALLAN, Nicklos (Reg. Barossa 40/309)
  • d. 1898 (Reg. Port Gawler 252/184)
  • Buried 14 May 1898, age 64 years, of Gawler South (#486 St George’s Anglican Cemetery U25 – Burial Register)

WILLSON, Jane (HARDS)

  • b. c1835, England
  • m. HARDS, Henry (England)
  • d. 1857 (Reg. Barossa 7/15)
  • Buried 3 Apr 1857, aged 22, of Bertha near Willaston, ‘sudden death’ (#196 Pioneer Park, Gawler – Burial Register)

ALLAN, Nicklos (SIM)(HARDS)

  • b. c1840, Scotland (father Charles SIM & mother Janet ALLAN)
  • m. 1859 (ALLAN, Nicklos & HARDS, Henry, Reg. Barossa 40/309)
  • d. 1903 (Reg. Port Gawler 293/298)
  • Buried 5 April 1903, age 63, of Gawler South (#564 St George’s Anglican Cemetery U24 – Burial Register)


Children of HARDS, Henry & Nicklos

HARDS, William Henry

  • b. 14 October 1860 (Reg. Port Gawler 21/421, mother Nicklos ALLEN)
  • d. 1882, aged 21, rheumatic heart disease
  • Buried 23 Jan 1882, of Gawler West (#260 St George’s Anglican Cemetery, U26 – Burial Register)

HARDS, Jessie (SMITH)

  • b.1862 (Reg. Port Gawler 25/560, mother Nicklos ALLEN)
  • m. 1884 SMITH, Charles (‘HARDS, Jessey’, Reg. Barossa 140/170)

HARDS, Henry

  • b.1864 (Reg. Port Gawler 32/18, mother Niklos ALAN)
  • m. 1897 TEALE, Alice (Reg. Adelaide 191/973)

HARDS, Edward

  • b. 1866 (Reg. Port Gawler, 43/79, mother Nichlos SIMMS)
  • m. 10 Apr 1890 SWALES, Grace Mary Ann (Reg. Barossa 163/445)(Express & Telegraph 15 Apr 1890)

HARDS, Kate ‘Katie’ Caroline

  • b. 1867 (Reg. Port Gawler 54/337, mother Nicklos ALLEN)
    • HARDS, May
      • b. 1887 (Reg. Port Gawler 394/267, father Null & mother Katie HARDS)
      • d. 1887 (Reg. Port Gawler 163/274, mother Katie HARDS)
      • Buried 16 May 1887, aged 2 days of Gawler (May Hards, ‘unbaptized child’, #319 St George’s Anglican Cemetery U27 – Burial Register)

HARDS, Charles George ‘George’

  • b. 1868 (Reg. Port Gawler 66/316, mother Nickolas SIMS)
  • d. 1911, aged 43, of Gawler (Reg. Barossa 360/205)
  • Buried 8 Oct 1911 (#670 St George’s Anglican Cemetery, U26 – Burial Register)

HARDS, Jane ‘Mary’

  • b. 1869 (Reg. Port Gawler 76/545, mother Nicklos ALLEN)
  • d. 1871 (Reg. Port Gawler 41/112, HARDS, Henry - F)
  • Buried 3 Mar 1871, ‘Mary’ aged 1 year & 6 months, of Gawler West, decline (#100 St George’s Anglican Cemetery U27 – Burial Register)

HARDS, Frank

  • b. 1871 (Reg. Port Gawler 93/402, mother Nicklos ALLEN)

HARDS, Albert Earnest

  • b. 1872 (Reg. Port Gawler 110/287, mother Nicklos ALLEN)
  • d. 1879, aged 7, of Gawler South, croup (Reg. Port Gawler 96/138, HARDS, Henry – F)
  • Buried 23 Jun 1879 (#233 St George’s Anglican Cemetery U27 – Burial Register)

HARDS, Jane

  • b. 1873 (Reg. Port Gawler 125/45, mother Nicklos SIM)
    • HARDS, Edith Annie
      • b. 1893 Father MACMAMARA, William (Reg. Port Gawler 516/213)
    • HARDS, Ivy Elizbeth
      • b. 1896 Father RILLEY, Peter (Reg. Port Gawler 586/35)
      • d. 1896 (Reg. Port Gawler 239/213)
      • Buried 27 Nov 1896, ‘unbaptised child of Hards, aged 3 months’, of Gawler West (#453 St George’s Anglican Cemetery U26 – Burial Register)
    • HARDS, Myrtle Maud
      • b. 1899 Father RILLEY, Peter (Reg. Port Gawler 638/306)

HARDS, Edith Annie

  • b. 1875 (Reg. Port Gawler 159/296, mother Nicholas SIM)
  • d. 1880, aged 5, of Gawler South (Reg. Barossa 107/17, HARDS, Henry – F)
  • Buried 6 December 1880 (#244 St George’s Anglican Cemetery U27 – Burial Register)



HARDS, John & Family

HARDS, John

  • b. c1835
  • m. 1857 NICKELS, Elizabeth (Reg. Hindmarsh 29/60)
  • m. 1858 TURNER, Mary Jane (Reg. Barossa 35/278) d. 1901
  • d. 1878, aged about 43 (Reg. Clare 91/250)

NICKELS, Elizabeth (HARDS)

  • b. c1837
  • m. 1857 HARDS, John (Reg. Hindmarsh 29/60)
  • d. 1857 (Reg. Barossa 7/38)
  • Buried 10 May 1857, aged 20, of Willaston, decline (#196 Pioneer Park, Gawler – Burial Register)

TURNER, Mary Jane (HARDS)

  • b. unknown
  • m. 1858 HARDS, John (Reg. Barossa 35/278)
  • d. 1901 (Reg. Clare 277/424, HARDS, John – DH)


Children of HARDS, John & Mary Jane

HARDS, Henry Edward

  • b. 9 June 1860, Gawler (Reg. Barossa 21/250)

HARDS, John Thomas

  • b. 1863 (Reg. Barossa 29/742, father)
  • d. 1874, aged 11, of Gawler South, Bronchitis (Reg. Port Gawler 59/380, John Hards F)
  • Buried 15 September 1874 (#149 St George’s Anglican Church U23 – Burial Register)

HARDS, Jane (EVANS)

  • b. 1865 (Reg. Barossa 38/287)
    • HARDS, Alfred
      • b. 1882 (Reg. Clare 293/466, father Null)
    • HARDS, Henry Thomas
      • b. 1885 (Reg. Clare 358/112, father Null)
  • m. 1887 EVANS, George Henry (Reg. Clare 150/931)
  • d. 27 Dec 1935

HARDS, William

  • b. 1868 (Reg. Port Gawler 64/321)
  • d. 29 Feb 1936 (Obituary – Chronicle 19 Mar 1936)

HARDS, Null

  • b. 1870 (Reg. Port Gawler 80/281, father HARDS)
  • d. 1870 (Reg. Port Gawler 37/454, John Hards F)(No record of burial at Pioneer Park or St George’s)

HARDS, George

  • b. 1872 (Reg. Port Gawler 105/136)
  • d. 1872 (Reg. Port Gawler 46/108, John Hards F)
  • Buried 29 Feb 1872, aged 5 weeks, of Gawler South, dysentery (#113 St George’s Anglican Cemetery U23 – Burial Register)

HARDS, Alfred

  • b. 1873 (Reg. Port Gawler, 120/285)
  • d. 1874 (Reg. Port Gawler, 59/471, John Hards F)
  • Buried 2 October 1874, aged 1 year 4 months, of Gawler South (#150 St George’s Anglican Church U22 – Burial Register)(possibly ‘Measles & Bronchitis’)

HARDS, Albert

  • b. 31 Jul 1875 (Reg. Barossa, 154/387)
  • d. 3 Feb 1937 (‘Albert James Hards’ in Obituary – Recorder 5 Feb 1937)

HARDS, Elizabeth Mary (COCKS)

  • b. 1878 (Reg. Clare 196/6)
  • m. 1898 COCKS, Thomas (Reg. Clare 194/717)
  • d. 1940 (‘Elizabeth Mary Cocks’, Reg. Pirie 630/5444)

We thank Nikki Wight for her excellent extensive research.

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